The star second baseman had been out of action since March when he was hit by a pitch in the World Baseball Classic while playing for Venezuela against the U.S. He suffered a fractured thumb and required surgery.
Altuve just finished a rehab assignment with the Corpus Christi Hooks and the Sugar Land Space Cowboys before rejoining the team Thursday.
The Astros are coming off a three-game sweep of the Chicago Cubs earlier in the week. They are set to host the Oakland A's for a three-game series this weekend.
The injury bug has bitten the Astros hard this year. Luis Garcia will require season-ending Tommy John surgery. Lance McCullers, Michael Brantley and José Urquidy are also out with injuries.