San Antonio (CNN) -- What does it mean to be a Texan?
In the hearts and minds of many, Texas pride is summed up in four words that have adorned countless T-shirts and bumper stickers for nearly three decades: "Don't mess with Texas."
To Mike Blair and Tim McClure, "Don't mess with Texas" will forever be the big hit of their careers, one that brought accolades and a few brushes with fame.
They didn't invent the line for pride, though; at first, it was an anti-litter message.
Blair and McClure were tasked in 1985 with devising a slogan for the Texas Department of Transportation's campaign to curb highway litter, which was costing the state roughly $20 million a year to clean up.
Their target audience? Mostly "bubbas in pickup trucks" who were chucking beer cans and the like out their windows as well as the average Texan who felt that littering was his "God-given right," said McClure, a lifelong Texan from Corsicana and co-founder of the Austin-based GSD&M Advertising.
The slogan first appeared on bumper stickers in 1985 before hitting the airwaves during the 1986 Cotton Bowl game. Texas blues guitarist Stevie Ray Vaughan played a rendition of "The Eyes of Texas," ending with the simple utterance, "Don't mess with Texas."
A series of 26 TV spots followed during the next 12 years, featuring various Texas musicians, thus giving birth to what has become the unofficial slogan of Texas pride and a milestone in marketing genius.
"The line became bigger than what the campaign was about. It was almost as much about the attitude of Texas and Texans at the time, tough-talking, no-nonsense, go-about-our-business, get-things-done kind of attitude that has always been associated with Texans," said Blair, the executive vice president and creative director of GSD&M, who created the commercials in the first 12 years they ran.
"For us personally, there was a ton of satisfaction to know we created something that literally cleaned up the roads, and you could see the difference in the highways. It was just an absolute pleasure to have a part of something like that, to make the state cleaner, and I think a lot of people took pride in that."
McClure came up with the slogan in an eleventh hour "aha" moment as he was taking a walk near his home, looking at the garbage and recalling how his mother would tell him his room was a mess.
"It occurred to me that the only time I'd heard the word litter was in reference to dogs," he said. "Mess seemed like it would resonate better."
Initially, it was a tough sell to their clients in the Department of Transportation, a group of "buzz-cutted, conservative kind of characters" whose average age was about 107, the creators joked.
"The crowd was sprinkled with 'Keep America Beautiful' and 'Keep Texas Beautiful' folks, and our audience is 18-to-24 young males," McClure said. "The 'Keep Texas Beautiful' lady said, 'Can we at least say please?' I said, 'No ma'am, you cannot use the line if you put please in front of it."
The pair got their way, and the rest is Texas-size history. Between 1985 and 1997, the TV spots featured contemporary icons of the day such as Willie Nelson, Lyle Lovett and LeAnn Rimes. The spots were so popular that people began calling radio stations to request them and musicians were contacting McClure and Blair asking to appear in the ads.
"It was a life-changing experience really to be able to work with these kinds of people and have them appreciate what we were doing," Blair said. "Almost every single shoot went off without a hitch because people wanted to be there; they got what we were doing. All of these people were prideful Texans, others got here as fast as they could, as they say, so it was really a perfect storm, as we say in the advertising world."
The advertising world agreed in 2006 when it awarded the slogan a bronze plaque on the Advertising Week Walk of Fame on New York's Madison Avenue, choosing it over other memorable advertising memes such as "Got Milk?" and Nike's "Just Do It."
The Department of Transportation continues to use the slogan under the stewardship of another advertising agency, currently to warn drivers of the dangers of pitching cigarette butts out the window, especially in a drought season.
The slogan will always resonate with Texans because it taps into what it means to be a Texan, the creators said. And what is that, exactly?
For Blair, it's spending summers as a teen on a dude ranch in Bandera, the cowboy capital of the state, waking up to the aromas of juniper bushes, mesquite trees and cow manure.
For McClure, it's watching a huge star move across the skies above Houston one night and learning the next morning that what he'd seen was the Russian Sputnik, prompting the space race.
"We never say we're from Houston or Austin. Every Texan, when they say where they're from, they'll say 'Texas,' " McClure said. "Texas is not only a state of mind, it's a state of heart, state of soul. There's a sense of bigger than life here. ... People here are tough and rugged but know how to have a good time. They work hard but know how to have a good time, and I think they enjoy the very simplest of things in life."